Josephtryble's Blog

“Massification’ of Higher Education in India – Quantity or Quality?

Posted on: September 26, 2010

Minister Kapil Sibal’s initiative to more than double the GER (to 30%) in Higher Education is a great challenge. The number of Universities and Institutes offering Higher education courses need to be increased exponentially over the coming years. The lack of effective mechanisms to check and take corrective directions is evident in segments where the ‘massification’ has happened. The pathetic quality of engineering curriculum evolving in states like Andhra, TN, Karnataka, Orrisa and recently in Kerala expose the flaws in the system. The quality of the curriculum and quality in teaching cannot be sacrificed in this urge for increasing enrollments in courses that attract students. The increasing number of Universities from China which have come in the top rankings are evident of the emphasis given for the quality in HE space in China. The major research labs in Universities across the world are flooded with Chinese students. The number of research output with Chinese contribution has significantly increased in the near future.
The vocationalizing the Arts and Science streams is also happening in india. These are easier routes to increase the GER figures. The consequences of these decisions would be realized very lately. The Community Colleges in US and Europe does the job of offering vocational courses for the population. University’s core objectives are left undisturbed.
India need to have more of Open and Distance Learning Courses. IGNOU is a great example. There need to be more IGNOU’s in the country. Rather than focusing on making IGNOU the largest Distance Learning University in the world, the focus should be on having a larger number of smaller Universities having quality consciousness.


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